SlimKit 24hr Weight Loss System



  • – Specifically designed for women to address key areas of weight and fat loss all provided in one convenient package*
  • – Contains three of MuscleSport’s most popular For Her series products (Detox for Her, FemmeBurn for Her, and LipoSlim for Her)
  • – SlimKit will help your incinerate fat, detox and cleanse, and boost metabolism*
  • – Save 10% compared to buying each supplement individually

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Detox for Her – Toxins can build up in the body as a result of many factors. Even healthy activities such as exercising and dieting can lead to toxin accumulation, as each creates their own unique set of demands. In the process of meeting those demands, things like free radicals, heavy metals, or synthetics can accrue. While the human body does have the capacity to stay regular and remove these substances, that doesn’t mean it couldn’t use a little help. Detox for Her is a full body cleansing matrix designed to be a hired marshals service for your body – to round up all the irritants that shouldn’t be where they are, and get them out of there.

FemmeBurn for Her – A highly-effective and clinically-dosed thermogenic fat burner that is formulated to fit the needs of HER metabolism and biochemistry. FemmeBurn for Her was designed to deliver the highest thermogenic and fat burning results to a woman’s specific health and fitness goals. But that’s not all, FemmeBurn for Her can also help to regulate estrogen at the receptor level which will help to alleviate fat in those difficult areas, such as the booty, legs, lower back, and abs!

Liposlim for Her – We’ve all heard the term “good fats,” but what exactly are they? To put it simply, the good fats are the ones that help to burn the bad fats, which can build up as a result of poor nutrition, lack of appropriate exercise, and other factors. The best fats are typically only found in very small quantities in food, and that is exactly why Liposlim for Her has isolated a profile of great fatty acids to vastly improve fat-burning capacity and overall health. Dieting is truly a complex art. Although with supplements like Liposlim for Her , they can be drastically simplified. There is no need for a diet to work against anyone, and reducing fat or calorie intake is certainly a valid approach, but without the healthy fats found in Liposlim for Her , getting 6-pack abs becomes a lot more difficult.

The concept behind SlimKit for Her was to research and develop a complete weight and fat loss system that a woman wouldn’t need to worry about. Correct dosages of key ingredients were used based off a woman’s physiological characteristics (weight, metabolism, etc…) that would be effective without causing the ill side effects often experienced when using products dosed for men.

With SlimKit you get the best fat burning and health promoting products in the FOR HER series all in one convenient kit. You get the thermogenic metabolic booster LipoSlim for her, the super-potent, fat incinerating thermogenic FemmeBurn for Her, and the full body cleansing and waste removal Detox for Her.

The best part is all three products in the SlimKit are formulated and specifically made FOR HER! These innovative, elite fat burners are clinically dosed and work together in a synergistic effort to help quicken your metabolism, torch fat and detoxify your body!

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

Ingredient Profile


Calcium D Glucarate:

Glucaric acid, supplemented via its calcium salt (Calcium-D-Glucarate), is thought to be a chemoprotective and anti-toxin compound

  • Calcium D Glucarate has been found to repress the effects of beta-glucuronidases, which slows your body’s ability to eliminate harmful hormones and chemicals.
  • By doing this, Calcium D Glucarate speeds up the body’s ability to help excrete and eliminate dietary and environmental wastes.


Psyillium Husk:

Psyllium is a fiber derived from the plant Plantago psylliumthat that is able to bind to fatty acids and cholesterol from the diet.

  • Relative to other sources of dietary fiber, psyllium appears to be more effective at forming feces and appears to be one of the few fiber sources not associated with excessive flatulence.
  • Psyllium also appears to be able to reduce total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in persons with high cholesterol.
  • Steven et al. (1988) found that relative to placebo, psyllium husk was associated with an increase in transit time as well as parameters of fecal weight.

Cascara Sagrada:

Cascara Sagrada works as a impressive laxative by triggering contractions in the colon.

  • It also is believed to improve the muscle tone and effectiveness of the colon walls.
  • Studies have shown that the extract from cascara bark also contains a substance called emodin, which may have anti-cancer effects. Emodin is also responsible for some of the laxative effect, due to its excitation of smooth muscle cells in the large intestine.

Celery Seed Extract:

Celery seed oil is a supplement containing a high amount of volatile compounds known as phthalides. These compounds as well as the major component Sedanolide appear to have general antioxidative properties and have traditionally been used as a diuretic.

  • Celery seed extract may helps improve overall wellness, joint support, and digestive health.

Red Clover Extract:

Red Clover is an herb that is high in isoflavones and is used for its beneficial effects on HDL cholesterol and improving blood flow.  It may also assist with weight loss.

  • Red clover also works as a powerful antioxidant to help rid the body of free radicals and waste.
  • Bligh et al. (2001) discovered 46 women who supplemented with Red Clover over a 6 month period improved HDL cholesterol levels by 15.7-28.6%

Dandelion Root:

Taraxacum officinale, also known as dandelion, is a vegetable that has a diuretic (water loss) effect when ingested.

  • It is also a source of potassium and thereby helps replace diuresis-induced losses.
  • Dandelion may help ease digestion by increasing the rate at which food leaves the stomach and enters the small intestine.
  • A study conducted by Clare et al. (2009) found dandelion three times a day in otherwise healthy subjects reported an increase in urination frequency relative to the same subjects the day before and after supplementation.

Bupleurum Root:

Bupleurum root contains several active compounds, including sterols, saponins, and saikosaponins. Saponins and saikosaponins have an antioxidant action that helps to support the immune system, reduce redness and swelling, and stimulate the liver.

  • Bupleurum also contains a compound called rutin, which helps strengthen capillaries.


Triphala is a combination of three botanicals – Amla, Behada, and Harada.

  • Triphala is commonly known for its digestive benefits, particularly its ability to help cleanse the body.
  • Triphala may help to cleanse toxins from the body, boost immunity and ease overall inflammation.

Slippery Elm Bark:

Slippery Elm is a tree native to North America and it is the inner bark that has the medicinal value.

  • It contains mucilage, complex carbohydrates, tannins, and many other beneficial compounds.
  • The tannins help to tighten and constrict tissue.
  • Slippery Elm is also a demulcent, meaning that it is soothing, softening, buffering, and has poison-drawing qualities.
  • It helps to neutralize stomach acids, boost the adrenal glands, and draw out impurities.

Ginger Root:

Ginger is a spice that can reduce nausea and ease digestion quite effectively.

  • It is commonly used to treat a myriad of stomach problems.  It helps to reduce everything from heartburn to gas and diarrhea.
  • A meta-analysis conducted by Ernst et al. (2000) found ginger was able to reduce nausea induced by seasickness, morning sickness, and chemotherapy induced sickeness.


N-Acetyl-Cysteine is an acetylated form of L-Cysteine that is more bioavailable. It is often used for its high antioxidant content to reduce inflammation and counter oxidative stress.

  • It also works to bind various free radicals and poisons in the body so they can be removed through the digestive process and expelled.

Cape Aloe Leaf :

Cape Aloe works as a side-effect free herb to help relieve gastroesophageal reflux disorder (allowing stomach acid to flow into the esophagus aka heartburn) and constipation.

  • It also works as a natural laxative by decreasing the amount of time it takes for waste to move through your colon.

Alpha Lipoic Acid:

Alpha-Lipoic Acid (ALA) is a mitochondrial fatty acid that is highly involved in energy metabolism. It is synthesized in the body and can be consumed through eating meats and minimally in some fruits/vegetables.

  • In supplement form, ALA has shown benefit against various forms of oxidation and inflammation. These effects carry on to benefits that protect one from heart diseases, liver diseases, diabetes, and neurological decline with age.
  • ALA is also a potent anti-oxidant compound. It works with mitochondria and the body’s natural anti-oxidant defenses.
  • It is also seen as an anti-aging compound since it can reverse some of the oxidant damage related effects of aging.


Spirulina is blue-green algae that has been shown to help in weight loss and reduce inflammation in the body.

  • Evidence also suggests that spirulina can improve lipid and glucose metabolism, while also reducing liver fat and protecting the heart.
  • Kalafati et al. (2010) found subjects who supplemented with spirulina for 4 weeks were able to prolong time to exhaustion in a 2 hour run secondary to increased fat oxidation, and also suppressed parameters of oxidation.

Wheat Grass:

Wheat grass is a “superfood” that contains over 70 minerals and vitamins, hundreds of live enzymes, essential amino acids and antioxidants which improve digestion and fight free radical damage.

  • Wheat grass has the ability to help aid the body by removing various deposits of drugs, heavy metals and toxins from the liver and blood.

Lactobacillus Acidophilus:

Lactobacillus Acidophilus is a healthy intestinal bacterias used to improve digestion, restore good bacteria in the gut, and help treat certain bowel diseases.

  • It has been used to prevent diarrhea, treat indigestion, and other digestive issues.



Alpha-Lipoic Acid:

Alpha-Lipoic Acid (ALA) is a mitochondrial fatty acid that is highly involved in energy metabolism. It is synthesized in the body and can be consumed through eating meats and minimally in some fruits/vegetables.

  • In supplement form, ALA has shown benefit against various forms of oxidation and inflammation. These effects carry on to benefits that protect one from heart diseases, liver diseases, diabetes, and neurological decline with age.
  • ALA is also a potent anti-oxidant compound. It works with mitochondria and the body’s natural anti-oxidant defenses.
  • It is also seen as an anti-aging compound since it can reverse some of the oxidant damage related effects of aging.

L-5 Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP):

5-HTP is a direct precursor to serotonin which boosts serotonin levels to help elevate mood and aid in weight loss.

  • 5-HTP can increase endogenous cortisol which releases anabolic hormones (testosterone and insulin) and produces a greater anabolic response during weight training sessions.
  • 5-HTP also may promote appetite supressionand lead to a reduction in weight
  • It also serves an important role in helping brain function, blood cells, gastrointestinal system.
  • Ceci et al. (1989) found 5-HTP in obese women (BMI 30-40) was associated with a reduction of calories by approximately 38% (placebo recorded at 20%) over 5 weeks, resulting in weight loss.



Uva-Ursi is an herbal compound which has the effects of a mild diuretic and astringent (anti-inflammatory).

  • It helps to reduce accumulation of uric acid in the bladder and help the overall health and productivity of the urinary tract.
  • Uva-Ursi may also help reduce high blood pressure and bloating.
  • It’s anti-inflammatory effects can help to tighten upper layers of the mucous membrane – relieving irritation and improving tissue firmness.

Ashwagandha Extract:

Ashwagandha is classified as an adaptogen, meaning it helps the body deal with physical, emotional, and psychological stressors.

  • It also shows promise for relieving insomnia and stress-induced bouts of depression.
  • Ashwagandha is able to to mitigate stress and anxiety by reducing cortisol concentrations and the immunosuppressive effect of stress in the body.
  • Ashwagandha can improve the formation of memories, and may be able to treat Alzheimer’s disease due to its ability to prevent the degradation of brain cells, making the herb a neuroprotectant.
  • In a study conducted by Andrade et al. (2000), six weeks supplementation of Ashwagandha in persons with diagnosed generalized anxiety disorder (mixed anxiety and depression) noted significant improvements in both depression and anxiety symptoms.

DIM (Diindolylmethane):

DIM is a molecule that consists of two indole groups attached to a methane group.  It is commonly found in broccoli and hold promise as an aromatase inhibitor.

  • DIM has potent effects on estrogen metabolism and is able to keep the body relatively balanced by preventing either drastic increases or decreases in estrogen.
  • DIM can both inhibit the aromatase enzyme (and prevent conversion of testosterone into estrogen) and it can act on more potent forms of estrogen and convert them into less potent forms; this conversion reduces the overall effects of estrogen in the body.

Yohimbe HCL:

Yohimbe is an alkaloid that is considered a general stimulant that works by increasing adrenaline levels in the body.

  • In some cases Yohimbe increases blood vessel dilation which may enhance energy levels during workouts.
  • Increases in cognitive performance have also been noted in those supplementing with Yohimbe.
  • Yohimbe also may act as a fat burning compound by acting upon the adrenergic receptor system of fat cells, which regulate thermogenesis.
  • A study conducted by Ostojic (2006) found elite male soccer players who supplemented with Yohimbe for 21 days reduced average body fat levels from 9.3% to 7.1%


Acetyl L-Carnitine:

L-Carnitine is an amino acid that is derived from lysine and methionine and is essential for transporting long-chain fatty acids from the cytosol into the mitochondria for subsequent fat breakdown and energy production.

  • L-Carnitine has also been shown to reduce exercise-induced muscle damage, muscular fatigue, and reduce soreness.
  • A study conducted by Volek et al. (2002) found that supplementation with L-Carnitine daily for one week in healthy resistance trained men was able to reduce markers of muscle damage after weight lifting. It was also discovered that biomarkers of oxidative damage reduced to baseline sooner than placebo.
  • Ho et al. (2010) discovered that middle aged males and females who supplemented with L-Carnitine over a 24-day period experienced less muscle damage and soreness following exercise and had less oxidative markers in serum after exercise.

Caffeine Anhydrous:

Caffeine Anhydrous is simply caffeine with no water (around .05%). This has been shown to make caffeine anhydrous more potent because the body will absorb it more readily.

  • Although caffeine can affect a wide variety of motor and mental functions it is most commonly used to improve endurance exercise, focus and cognitive performance, and improve energy levels.
  • Caffeine has also been shown to have a thermogenic effect (heating/calorie burning) at rest and may increase the use of fats for fuel during exercise.
  • According to the research higher doses of caffeine, in the 250-450mg range, are needed to provide an ergogenic benefit.
  • In a study conducted by Astorino et al. (2010), active men given caffeine before resistance training were able to increase maximal torque, power, and volume by 5-8%


Extracted from the roots of sprouted barley, hordenine has an adrenaline-like effect stemming from its ability to release norandrenaline.

  • This increases heart rate and blood flow.
  • The adrenaline effect is long lasting and does not fade early in your workouts. This will create a boost in athletic performance throughout your entire workout.
  • Hordenine may also increase peripheral blood flow volume and have a positive inotropic effect (increases strength of contraction) upon the heart.
  • Lastly hordenine stimulates the central nervous system and promotes weight loss by enhancing metabolism.

Guarana Seed Extract:

Guarana is a plant commonly found in Brazil known best for its fruit.

  • The fruit from the Guarana plant is high in caffeine and has been shown to improve cognitive faculties, aid in fat loss, and increase energy as well as endurance capabilities.


CapsiAtra™ is a dihydrocapsiate compound naturally found in CH-19 Sweet peppers that holds clinical benefits in weight management, endurance and metabolism.

  • CapsiAtra™ has the ability to increase resting energy expenditure (REE) – allowing the body to burn off more calories than normal, and stimulate thermogenesis – allowing the body to burn calories off of stored fats.
  • It also enhances glycogen sparing, promoting an increase in energy production through the burning off of fat stored within the body instead of carbohydrates.
  • Galgani et al. (2010) discovered subjects who supplemented with Dihydrocapsiate over a one month period were able to increase their resting metabolic rate on a daily basis compared to placebo.



Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA):

Most humans get their consumption of Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) through butter. It is found mostly in meat and dairy products.

  • CLA is known for its body weight management properties which include reducing body fat, increasing lean muscle mass, and supporting efficient fat metabolism.
  • CLA is a slightly altered form of linoleic acid (LA), an omega-6 fatty acid important to human health. There have been some cancer-fighting properties found in studies.
  • CLA is also a potent anti-oxidant and anti-catabolite, as well as powerful immune enhancer.
  • Chen et al. (2012) discovered 12 weeks of CLA supplementation in overweight and obese subjects was able to reduce body weight and fat mass compared to placebo.

Eicosanoic Acid (EPA)/ Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA):

EPA and DHA are long chain omega-3 fatty acids that are primarily found in fish and have been extensively researched and proven to treat/improve certain aspects of health including cognition, body composition, and certain cardiovascular and immune functions.

  • EPA: 
    • Helps overall health.
    • Helps lower chances on getting coronary heart disease, high triglycerides (fats in the blood), high blood pressure, and inflammation/joint pain.
    • Helps women reduce hot flashes and menstrual pain if used daily, not just while menstruating. Helps reduce fatigue.
  • DHA: 
    • DHA is an essential Omega-3 fatty acid for healthy mental and visual function.
    • Helps overall health.
    • Also used to support healthy skin eyes joints and brain function.
    • Women-DHA is also ideal as a prenatal and nursing supplement.
    • DHA is also essential to proper eye and brain development within infants (before and after birth) and is an important component of human breast milk.

Recent research has shown EPA and DHA can activate the genes that increase fat burning while also inhibiting the genes that promote the storage of fat. Furthermore, EPA/DHA supplementation may elevate muscle protein synthesis, a necessary process that must occur to build muscle, to a higher degree when a high protein meal is consumed.

Alpha Linoleic Acid (Omega 3):

Alpha-linolenic acid is a kind of omega-3 fatty acid found in plants. It is similar to the omega-3 fatty acids that are in fish oil, called eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The body can change alpha-linolenic acid into EPA and DHA.

  • Antioxidant. Helps improve overall health.
  • Also helps to control blood clotting, build cell membranes in the brain and reduce inflammation.
  • Some studies suggest that ALA can help to reduce arthritis related joint pain and stiffness and improve mobility.
  • Alpha-linolenic acid has also been found to be beneficial for the prevention and treatment of a variety of cardiovascular disorders including heart attacks and stroke.

Linoleic Acid (Omega 6):

  • Helps improve overall health.
  • Helps regulate the immune function, the cellular responses and hormone synthesis.
  • Helps dilate blood vessels and decrease blood clotting.
  • Helps decrease inflammation/joint pain.

Oleic Acid (Omega 9):

Oleic acid a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid that occurs naturally in animals and vegetable oils.

  • Helps improve overall health.
  • Reduces cholesterol levels and strengthen the immune system.
  • Reduces risk of cancer and helps improve blood circulation.


Calcium D Glucarate:
1. Lonky, S. A. Calcium D-Glucarate.
2. Marsh, C. A. (1986). Biosynthesis of d-glucaric acid in mammals: a free-radical mechanism?. Carbohydrate research, 153(1), 119-131.
3. Dwivedi, C., Heck, W. J., Downie, A. A., Larroya, S., & Webb, T. E. (1990). Effect of calcium glucarate on β-glucuronidase activity and glucarate content of certain vegetables and fruits. Biochemical medicine and metabolic biology, 43(2), 83-92.
4. Zheng, Z., Fang, J. L., & Lazarus, P. (2002). Glucuronidation: an important mechanism for detoxification of benzo [a] pyrene metabolites in aerodigestive tract tissues. Drug metabolism and disposition, 30(4), 397-403.

Psyillium Husk:
1. Stevens, J., VanSoest, P. J., Robertson, J. B., & Levitsky, D. A. (1988). Comparison of the effects of psyllium and wheat bran on gastrointestinal transit time and stool characteristics. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 88(3), 323-326.
2. de Bock, M., Derraik, J. G., Brennan, C. M., Biggs, J. B., Smith, G. C., Cameron-Smith, D., … & Cutfield, W. S. (2012). Psyllium supplementation in adolescents improves fat distribution & lipid profile: a randomized, participant-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. PloS one, 7(7), e41735.
3. Marlett, J. A., Kajs, T. M., & Fischer, M. H. (2000). An unfermented gel component of psyllium seed husk promotes laxation as a lubricant in humans. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 72(3), 784-789.
4. Prynne, C. J., & Southgate, D. A. T. (1979). The effects of a supplement of dietary fibre on faecal excretion by human subjects. British Journal of Nutrition, 41(03), 495-503.

Cascara Sagrada:
1. Linderborg, Kaisa; Laaksonen, Oskar; Kallio, Heikki; Yang, Baoru. (2011). Flavonoids, sugars and fruit acids of alpine bearberry (Arctostaphylos alpina) from Finnish Lapland. Food Research International. Vol. 44 (7, Sp. Iss. SI)
2. Wu, X. L., Gu, L. W., Prior, R. L., & McKay, S. (2004). Characterization of anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins in some cultivars of Ribes, Aronia, and Sambucus and their antioxidant capacity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 52, 7846−7856.
3. Galvano, F., La Fauci, L., Lazzarino, G., Fogliano, V., Ritieni, A., Ciappelano, S., et al. (2004). Cyanidins: Metabolism and biological properties. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 15, 2−11.
4. Yi, W., Akoh, C. C., Fishcer, J., & Krewer, G. (2006). Effects of phenolic compounds in blueberries and muscadine grapes on HepG2 cell viability and apoptosis. Food Research International, 39, 628−638.
5. Zafra-Stone, S., Yasmin, T., Bagchi, M., Chatterjee, A., Vinson, J. A., & Bagchi, D. (2007). Berry anthocyanins as novel antioxidants in human health and disease prevention. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 51, 675−683.
6. Buchert, J., Koponen, J. M., Suutarinen, M., Mustranta, A., Lille, M., Torronen, R., et al. (2005). Effect of enzyme-aided pressing on anthocyanin yield and profiles in bilberry and blackcurrant juices. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 85, 2548−2556.
7. Häkkinen, S., Heinonen, M., Kärenlampi, S., Mykkänen, H., Ruuskanen, J., & Törrönen, R. (1999). Screening of selected flavonoids and phenolic acids in 19 berries. Food Research International, 32, 345−353.
8. Laaksonen, O., Sandell, M., & Kallio, H. (2010). Chemical factors contributing to orosensory profiles of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) fractions. European Food Research and Technology, 231, 271−285.
9. Lätti, A. K., Riihinen, K. R., & Kainulainen, P. S. (2008). Analysis of anthocyanin variation in wild populations of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) in Finland. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56, 190−196.
10. Kärppä, J., Kallio, H., Peltonen, I., & Linko, R. (1984). Anthocyanins of crowberry, Empetrum-nigrum coll. Journal of Food Science, 49, 634−636.
11. Laaksonen, O., Sandell, M., Järvinen, R., & Kallio, H. (2011). Orosensory contributing compounds in crowberry (Empetrum nigrum) press-byproducts. Food Chemistry, 124, 1514−1524.

Celery Seed Extract:
1. Ahmed B, Alam T, Varshney M, Khan SA. Hepatoprotective activity of two plants belonging to the Apiaceae and the Euphorbiaceae family. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002 Mar;79(3):313-6.
2. Al-Howiriny T, Alsheikh A, Alqasoumi S, Al-Yahya M, ElTahir K, Rafatullah S. Gastric antiulcer, antisecretory and cytoprotective properties of celery (Apium graveolens) in rats. Pharm Biol. 2010 Jul;48(7):786-93.
3. Atta AH, Alkofahi A. Anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of some Jordanian medicinal plant extracts. J Ethnopharmacol. 1998;60:117-124.
4. Banerjee S, Sharma R, Kale RK, Rao AR. Influence of certain essential oils on carcinogen-metabolizing enzymes and acid-soluble sulfhydryls in mouse liver. Nutr Cancer. 1994;21:263-269. Abstract.
5. Boffa MJ, Gilmour E, Ead RD. Case report. Celery soup causing severe phototoxicity during PUVA therapy [letter]. Br J Dermatol. 1996;135(2):334.
6. Cheung MC, Lin LY, Yu TH, Peng RY. Hypolipidemic and antioxidant activity of mountian celery seed essential oils. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56(11):3997-4003.

Red Clover Extract:
1. Nestel, P. J., Pomeroy, S., Kay, S., Komesaroff, P., Behrsing, J., Cameron, J. D., & West, L. (1999). Isoflavones from Red clover improve systemic arterial compliance but Not plasma lipids in menopausal women 1. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 84(3), 895-898.
2. Terzic, M. M., Dotlic, J., Maricic, S., Mihailovic, T., & Tosic‐Race, B. (2009). Influence of red clover‐derived isoflavones on serum lipid profile in postmenopausal women. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research,35(6), 1091-1095.
3. Clifton-Bligh, P. B., Baber, R. J., Fulcher, G. R., Nery, M. L., & Moreton, T. (2001). The effect of isoflavones extracted from red clover (Rimostil) on lipid and bone metabolism. Menopause, 8(4), 259-265.

Dandelion Root:
1. Lee et al. 2012; Effects of Taraxacum officinale on fatigue and immunological parameters in mice.
2. Jeon et al. 2008; Anti-inflammatory activity of Taraxacum officinale.
3. Choi et al. 2010; Hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) root and leaf on cholesterol-fed rabbits.
4. Turski et al. 2011; Distribution, synthesis, and absorption of kynurenic acid in plants.
5. Domitrovic et al. 2010; Antifibrotic activity of Taraxacum officinale root in carbon tetrachloride-induced liver damage in mice.
6. Chaterjee et al 2011; The efficacy of dandelion root extract in inducing apoptosis in drug-resistant human melanoma cells.
7. Ovadje et al 2012; Efficient induction of extrinsic cell death by dandelion root extract in human chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) cells.

Bupleurum Root:
1. USDA, NRCS. 2009. The PLANTS Database ( , 27 April 2009). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
2. Chevallier, A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants. New York, NY: DK Publishing; 1996: 68.
3. Radix Bupleuri. In: WHO monographs on selected medicinal plants . Vol 1. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1999: 67-76.
4. Tian RT, Xie PS, Liu HP. Evaluation of traditional Chinese herbal medicine: Chaihu (Bupleuri Radix) by both high-performance liquid chromatographic and high-performance thin-layer chromatographic fingerprint and chemometric analysis. J Chromatogr A . 2009;1216(11):2150-2155.
5. Li XQ, Song AH, Li W, Chen XH, Bi KS. Analysis of the fatty acid from Bupleurum Chinense DC in China by GC-MS and GC-FID. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) . 2005;53(12):1613-1617.

1. Al Rehaily, A. J., Al Howiriny, T. A., Al Sohaibani, M. O., and Rafatullah, S. Gastroprotective effects of ‘Amla’ Emblica officinalis on in vivo test models in rats. Phytomedicine. 2002;9(6):515-522. View abstract.
2. Bafna, P. A. and Balaraman, R. Anti-ulcer and anti-oxidant activity of pepticare, a herbomineral formulation. Phytomedicine. 2005;12(4):264-270. View abstract.
3. D’Souza, P., Amit, A., Saxena, V. S., Bagchi, D., Bagchi, M., and Stohs, S. J. Antioxidant properties of Aller-7, a novel polyherbal formulation for allergic rhinitis. Drugs Exp.Clin.Res. 2004;30(3):99-109. View abstract.
4. Duan, W., Yu, Y., and Zhang, L. Antiatherogenic effects of phyllanthus emblica associated with corilagin and its analogue. Yakugaku Zasshi 2005;125(7):587-591. View abstract.
5. Jain, S. K. and Khurdiya, D. S. Vitamin C enrichment of fruit juice based ready-to-serve beverages through blending of Indian gooseberry (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.) juice. Plant Foods Hum.Nutr. 2004;59(2):63-66. View abstract.
6. Jose, J. K. and Kuttan, R. Hepatoprotective activity of Emblica officinalis and Chyavanaprash. J Ethnopharmacol. 2000;72(1-2):135-140. View abstract.

Slippery Elm Bark:
1. Bock S. Integrative medical treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Int J Integr Med. 2000;2:21-29.
2. Brown AC, Hairfield M, Richards DG, McMillin DL, Mein EA, Nelson CD. Medical nutrition therapy as a potential complementary treatment for psoriasis — five case reports. Altern Med Rev. 2004;9:297-307.
3. Hawrelak JA, Myers SP. Effects of two natural medicine formulations on irritable bowel syndrome symptoms: a pilot study. J Altern Complement Med. 2010;16:1065-71.
4. Langmead L, Dawson C, Hawkins C, Banna N, Loo S, Rampton DS. Antioxidant effects of herbal therapies used by patients with inflammatory bowel disease: an in vitro study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2002;16:197-205.
5. Rakel D. Rakel: Integrative Medicine, 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:43.
6. Rotblatt M, Ziment I. Evidence-based Herbal Medicine. Philadelphia, Penn: Hanley & Belfus, Inc.;2202:337-338.

Ginger Root:
1. Ernst, E., & Pittler, M. H. (2000). Efficacy of ginger for nausea and vomiting: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. British journal of anaesthesia, 84(3), 367-371.
2. Chaiyakunapruk, N., Kitikannakorn, N., Nathisuwan, S., Leeprakobboon, K., & Leelasettagool, C. (2006). The efficacy of ginger for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting: a meta-analysis. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 194(1), 95-99.
3. Smith, C., Crowther, C., Willson, K., Hotham, N., & McMillian, V. (2004). A randomized controlled trial of ginger to treat nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 103(4), 639-645.
4. Black, C. D., Herring, M. P., Hurley, D. J., & O’Connor, P. J. (2010). Ginger (Zingiber officinale) reduces muscle pain caused by eccentric exercise. The Journal of Pain, 11(9), 894-903.
5. Wu, K. L., Rayner, C. K., Chuah, S. K., Changchien, C. S., Lu, S. N., Chiu, Y. C., … & Lee, C. M. (2008). Effects of ginger on gastric emptying and motility in healthy humans. European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology, 20(5), 436-440.
6. Wu, K. L., Rayner, C. K., Chuah, S. K., Changchien, C. S., Lu, S. N., Chiu, Y. C., … & Lee, C. M. (2008). Effects of ginger on gastric emptying and motility in healthy humans. European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology, 20(5), 436-440.

1. Holdiness, M. R. (1991). Clinical pharmacokinetics of N-acetylcysteine.Clinical pharmacokinetics, 20(2), 123-134.
2. Wang, L., Wang, Z., & Liu, J. (2010). Protective effect of N-acetylcysteine on experimental chronic lead nephrotoxicity in immature female rats. Human & experimental toxicology, 29(7), 581-591.
3. Kasperczyk, S., Dobrakowski, M., Kasperczyk, A., Ostałowska, A., & Birkner, E. (2013). The administration of N-acetylcysteine reduces oxidative stress and regulates glutathione metabolism in the blood cells of workers exposed to lead. Clinical Toxicology, 51(6), 480-486.
4. Kasperczyk, A., Słowińska-Łożyńska, L., Dobrakowski, M., Zalejska-Fiolka, J., & Kasperczyk, S. (2014). The effect of lead-induced oxidative stress on blood viscosity and rheological properties of erythrocytes in lead exposed humans. Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation, 56(3), 187-195.

Cape Aloe Leaf:
1. Boudreau MD, Beland FA. An evaluation of the biological and toxicological properties of Aloe barbadensis (miller), Aloe vera. J Environ Sci Health C Environ Carcinog Ecotoxicol Rev. 2006 Apr;24(1):103-54.
2. Capasso F, Borrelli F, Capasso R, et al. Aloe and its therapeutic use. Phytother Res. 1998;12:S124-S127.
3. Cellini L, Di bartolomeo S, Di Campli E, Genovese S, Locatelli M, Di Giulio M. In vitro activity of Aloe vera inner gel against Helicobacter pylori strains. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2014;59(1):43-8.
4. Cowan D. Oral Aloe vera as a treatment for osteoarthritis: a summary. Br J Community Nurs. 2010;15(6):280-2.
5. Dat AD, Poon F, Pham KB, Doust J. Aloe vera for treating acute and chronic wounds. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012(2).
6. Davis RH, Parker WL, Murdoch DP. Aloe vera as a biologically active vehicle for hydrocortisone acetate. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1991;81:1-9.
7. Devaraj S, Yimam M, Brownell LA, Jialal I, Singh S, Jia Q. Effects of Aloe vera supplementation in subjects with prediabetes/metabolic syndrome. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2013;11(1):35-40.
8. du Plessis LH, Hamman JH. In vitro evaluation of the cytotoxic and apoptogenic properties of aloe whole leaf and gel materials. Drug Chem Toxicol. 2014;37(2):169-77.

Alpha Lipoic Acid:
1. McNeilly, A. M., Davison, G. W., Murphy, M. H., Nadeem, N., Trinick, T., Duly, E., … & McEneny, J. (2011). Effect of α-lipoic acid and exercise training on cardiovascular disease risk in obesity with impaired glucose tolerance. Lipids in health and disease, 10(1), 1.
2. Zembron-Lacny, A., Slowinska-Lisowska, M., Szygula, Z., Witkowski, K., Stefaniak, T., & Dziubek, W. (2009). Assessment of the antioxidant effectiveness of alpha-lipoic acid in healthy men exposed to muscle-damaging exercise. J Physiol Pharmacol, 60(2), 139-43.
3. Sola, S., Mir, M. Q., Cheema, F. A., Khan-Merchant, N., Menon, R. G., Parthasarathy, S., & Khan, B. V. (2005). Irbesartan and lipoic acid improve endothelial function and reduce markers of inflammation in the metabolic syndrome results of the irbesartan and lipoic acid in endothelial dysfunction (island) study. Circulation, 111(3), 343-348.
4. Ranieri, M., Sciuscio, M., Cortese, A. M., Santamato, A., Di Teo, L., Ianieri, G., … & Megna, M. (2009). The Use and Alpha-Lipoic Acid (ALA), Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA) and Rehabilitation in the Treatment of Back Pain: Effect on Health-Related Quality of Life. International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology, 22(3 suppl), 45-50.

1. Kalafati, M., Jamurtas, A. Z., Nikolaidis, M. G., Paschalis, V., Theodorou, A. A., Sakellariou, G. K., … & Kouretas, D. (2010). Ergogenic and antioxidant effects of spirulina supplementation in humans. Med Sci Sports Exerc,42(1), 142-51.
2. Lee, E. H., Park, J. E., Choi, Y. J., Huh, K. B., & Kim, W. Y. (2008). A randomized study to establish the effects of spirulina in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Nutrition Research and Practice, 2(4), 295-300.
3. Ferreira-Hermosillo, A., Torres-Duran, P. V., & Juarez-Oropeza, M. A. (2010). Case report Hepatoprotective effects of Spirulina maxima in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a case series.

Wheat Grass:
1. Rudolph C. The therapeutic value of chlorophyll. Clin Med Surg 1930;37:119-21.
2. Lam and Brush. “Chlorophyll and Wound Healing: Experimental and Clinical Study,” American Journal of Surgery. 80, 204-20 (1950) .

Lactobacillus Acidophilus:
1. Andrade, S., & Borges, N. (2009). Effect of fermented milk containing Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium longum on plasma lipids of women with normal or moderately elevated cholesterol. Journal of dairy research, 76(04), 469-474.
2. ARAYA-KOJIMA, T., YAESHIMA, T., ISHIBASHI, N., SHIMAMURA, S., & HAYASAWA, H. (1995). Inhibitory effects of Bifidobacterium longum BB536 on harmful intestinal bacteria. Bifidobacteria and Microflora, 14(2), 59-66.
3. Chouraqui, J. P., Grathwohl, D., Labaune, J. M., Hascoet, J. M., de Montgolfier, I., Leclaire, M., … & Steenhout, P. (2008). Assessment of the safety, tolerance, and protective effect against diarrhea of infant formulas containing mixtures of probiotics or probiotics and prebiotics in a randomized controlled trial. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 87(5), 1365-1373.
4. Grill, J. P., Manginot-Dürr, C., Schneider, F., & Ballongue, J. (1995). Bifidobacteria and probiotic effects: action of Bifidobacterium species on conjugated bile salts. Current microbiology, 31(1), 23-27.


Alpha Lipoic Acid:
1. McNeilly, A. M., Davison, G. W., Murphy, M. H., Nadeem, N., Trinick, T., Duly, E., … & McEneny, J. (2011). Effect of α-lipoic acid and exercise training on cardiovascular disease risk in obesity with impaired glucose tolerance. Lipids in health and disease, 10(1), 1.
2. Zembron-Lacny, A., Slowinska-Lisowska, M., Szygula, Z., Witkowski, K., Stefaniak, T., & Dziubek, W. (2009). Assessment of the antioxidant effectiveness of alpha-lipoic acid in healthy men exposed to muscle-damaging exercise. J Physiol Pharmacol, 60(2), 139-43.
3. Sola, S., Mir, M. Q., Cheema, F. A., Khan-Merchant, N., Menon, R. G., Parthasarathy, S., & Khan, B. V. (2005). Irbesartan and lipoic acid improve endothelial function and reduce markers of inflammation in the metabolic syndrome results of the irbesartan and lipoic acid in endothelial dysfunction (island) study. Circulation, 111(3), 343-348.
4. Ranieri, M., Sciuscio, M., Cortese, A. M., Santamato, A., Di Teo, L., Ianieri, G., … & Megna, M. (2009). The Use and Alpha-Lipoic Acid (ALA), Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA) and Rehabilitation in the Treatment of Back Pain: Effect on Health-Related Quality of Life. International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology, 22(3 suppl), 45-50.

1. Rondanelli M, et al. Relationship between the absorption of 5-hydroxytryptophan from an integrated diet, by means of Griffonia simplicifolia extract, and the effect on satiety in overweight females after oral spray administration. Eat Weight Disord. (2012)
2. Birdsall TC. 5-Hydroxytryptophan: a clinically-effective serotonin precursor. Altern Med Rev. (1998)
3. Ceci F, et al. The effects of oral 5-hydroxytryptophan administration on feeding behavior in obese adult female subjects. J Neural Transm. (1989)
4. Effects of oral 5-hydroxy-tryptophan on energy intake and macronutrient selection in non-insulin dependent diabetic patients. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. (1998)
5. Wurtman RJ, Wurtman JJ. Brain serotonin, carbohydrate-craving, obesity and depression. Obes Res. (1995)
6. Schruers K, et al. Acute L-5-hydroxytryptophan administration inhibits carbon dioxide-induced panic in panic disorder patients. Psychiatry Res. (2002)
7. Aliño JJ, Gutierrez JL, Iglesias ML. 5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) and a MAOI (nialamide) in the treatment of depressions. A double-blind controlled study. Int Pharmacopsychiatry. (1976)
8. Kline N, Sacks W. Treatment of depression with an mao inhibitor followed by 5-HTP–an unfinished research project. Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl. (1980)

Uva Ursi:
1. Beaux D, Fleurentin J, Mortier F. Effect of extracts of Orthosiphon stamineus Benth, Hieracium pilosella L., Sambucus nigra L. and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. in rats. Phytother Res. 1999;13(3):222-5.
2. Chauhan B, Yu C, Krantis A, Scott I, Arnason JT, Marles RJ, Foster BC. In vitro activity of uva-ursi against cytochrome P450 isoenzymes and P-glycoprotein. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2007;85(11):1099-107.
3. Grases F, Melero G, Costa-Bauza A, Prieto R, March JG Urolithiasis and phytotherapy. Int Urol Nephrol. 1994;26(5):507-11.
4. Head KA. Natural approaches to prevention and treatment of infections of the lower urinary tract. Altern Med Rev. 2008;13(3):227-44.
5. Larsson B, Jonasson A, Fianu S. Prophylactic effect of UVA-E in women with recurrent cystitis: a preliminary report. Curr Ther Res. 1993;53:441-3.
6. Matsuda H, Nakamura S, Tanaka T, Kubo M. [Pharmacological studies on leaf of arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. V. Effects of water extract from arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. (Bearberry leaf) on the antiallergic anti-inflammatory activities of dexamethasone ointment.] Yakugaku Zasshi – J Pharm Soc Jpn. 1992;112(9):673-7.
7. Matsuda H, Nakata H, Tanaka T, Kubo M. [Pharmacological study on Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. II. Combined effects of arbutin and prednisolone or dexamethazone on immuno-inflammation] Yakugaku Zasshi. 1990;110(1):68-76.

Ashwagandha Root:
1. Andrade, C., Aswath, A., Chaturvedi, S. K., Srinivasa, M., & Raguram, R. (2000). A double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of the anxiolytic efficacy ff an ethanolic extract of withania somnifera. Indian journal of psychiatry, 42(3), 295.
2. Chandrasekhar, K., Kapoor, J., & Anishetty, S. (2012). A prospective, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of safety and efficacy of a high-concentration full-spectrum extract of ashwagandha root in reducing stress and anxiety in adults. Indian journal of psychological medicine, 34(3), 255.
3. Cooley, K., Szczurko, O., Perri, D., Mills, E. J., Bernhardt, B., Zhou, Q., & Seely, D. (2009). Naturopathic care for anxiety: a randomized controlled trial ISRCTN78958974. PLoS One, 4(8), e6628.

1. Lo, R., & Matthews, J. (2010). A New Class of Estrogen Receptor Beta–Selective Activators. Molecular interventions, 10(3), 133.
2. Leong, H., Riby, J. E., Firestone, G. L., & Bjeldanes, L. F. (2004). Potent ligand-independent estrogen receptor activation by 3, 3′-diindolylmethane is mediated by cross talk between the protein kinase A and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways. Molecular Endocrinology, 18(2), 291-302.
3. Leong, H., Firestone, G. L., & Bjeldanes, L. F. (2001). Cytostatic effects of 3, 3′-diindolylmethane in human endometrial cancer cells result from an estrogen receptor-mediated increase in transforming growth factor-α expression. Carcinogenesis, 22(11), 1809-1817.
4. Sanderson, J. T., Slobbe, L., Lansbergen, G. W., Safe, S., & Van den Berg, M. (2001). 2, 3, 7, 8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and diindolylmethanes differentially induce cytochrome P450 1A1, 1B1, and 19 in H295R human adrenocortical carcinoma cells. Toxicological sciences, 61(1), 40-48.
5. Safe, S., Wang, F., Porter, W., Duan, R., & McDougal, A. (1998). Ah receptor agonists as endocrine disruptors: antiestrogenic activity and mechanisms. Toxicology letters, 102, 343-347.

Yohimbe HCL:
1. Ostojic, S. M. (2006). Yohimbine: the effects on body composition and exercise performance in soccer players. Research in Sports Medicine, 14(4), 289-299.
2. Ernst, E., & Pittler, M. H. (1998). Yohimbine for erectile dysfunction: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. The Journal of urology, 159(2), 433-436.

Acetyl L-Carnitine:
1. Kraemer, W. J., Volek, J. S., French, D. N., Rubin, M. R., Sharman, M. J., Gómez, A. L., … & Hakkinen, K. (2003). The effects of L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation on hormonal responses to resistance exercise and recovery. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 17(3), 455-462.
2. Spiering, B. A., Kraemer, W. J., Vingren, J. L., Hatfield, D. L., Fragala, M. S., Ho, J. Y., … & Volek, J. S. (2007). Responses of criterion variables to different supplemental doses of L-carnitine L-tartrate. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 21(1), 259-264.
3. Ho, J. Y., Kraemer, W. J., Volek, J. S., Fragala, M. S., Thomas, G. A., Dunn-Lewis, C., … & Maresh, C. M. (2010). l-Carnitine l-tartrate supplementation favorably affects biochemical markers of recovery from physical exertion in middle-aged men and women. Metabolism, 59(8), 1190-1199.
4. Broad, E. M., Maughan, R. J., & Galloway, S. D. (2008). Carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism during exercise after oral carnitine supplementation in humans.
5. Dehghani, M., Shakerian, S., Nejad, S. H., & Gharib-Naseri, M. K. (2015). Effects of L-Carnitine L-Tartrate Acute Consumption on Lipid Metabolism, Maximum oxygen consumption (VO2 max), and distance run Following Aerobic Exhaustive Exercise on Treadmill in Elite Athletes wrestling. The AYER, 2, 189-195.

Caffeine Anhydrous:
1. Harland, B. F. (2000). Caffeine and nutrition. Nutrition, 16(7), 522-526.
2. Goldstein, E. R., Ziegenfuss, T., Kalman, D., Kreider, R., Campbell, B., Wilborn, C., … & Wildman, R. (2010). International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 7(1), 5.
3. Spriet, L. L. (1995). Caffeine and performance. International journal of sport nutrition, 5, S84-S84.
4. Astrup, A., Toubro, S., Cannon, S., Hein, P., Breum, L., & Madsen, J. (1990). Caffeine: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of its thermogenic, metabolic, and cardiovascular effects in healthy volunteers. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 51(5), 759-767.
5. Hogervorst, E., Bandelow, S., Schmitt, J. A., Jentjens, R., Oliveira, M., Allgrove, J. E., … & Gleeson, M. (2008). Caffeine improves physical and cognitive performance during exhaustive exercise.
6. Woolf, K., Bidwell, W. K., & Carlson, A. G. (2008). The effect of caffeine as an ergogenic aid in anaerobic exercise. International journal of sport nutrition,18(4), 412.
7. Stuart, G. R., Hopkins, W. G., Cook, C., & Cairns, S. P. (2005). Multiple effects of caffeine on simulated high-intensity team-sport performance. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 37(11), 1998.
8. Beck, T. W., Housh, T. J., Schmidt, R. J., Johnson, G. O., Housh, D. J., Coburn, J. W., & Malek, M. H. (2006). The acute effects of a caffeine-containing supplement on strength, muscular endurance, and anaerobic capabilities. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 20(3), 506-510.
9. McLellan, T. M., Kamimori, G. H., Voss, D. M., Tate, C., & Smith, S. J. (2007). Caffeine effects on physical and cognitive performance during sustained operations. Aviation, space, and environmental medicine, 78(9), 871-877.
10. Lieberman, H. R., Tharion, W. J., Shukitt-Hale, B., Speckman, K. L., & Tulley, R. (2002). Effects of caffeine, sleep loss, and stress on cognitive performance and mood during US Navy SEAL training. Psychopharmacology, 164(3), 250-261.
11. Costill, D. L., Dalsky, G. P., & Fink, W. J. (1977). Effects of caffeine ingestion on metabolism and exercise performance. Medicine and science in sports, 10(3), 155-158.
12. Kovacs, E. M., Stegen, J. H., & Brouns, F. (1998). Effect of caffeinated drinks on substrate metabolism, caffeine excretion, and Performance. Journal of Applied physiology, 85(2), 709-715.
13. Acheson, K. J., Zahorska-Markiewicz, B., Pittet, P., Anantharaman, K., & Jéquier, E. (1980). Caffeine and coffee: their influence on metabolic rate and substrate utilization in normal weight and obese individuals. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 33(5), 989-997.
14. Dulloo, A. G., Geissler, C. A., Horton, T., Collins, A., & Miller, D. S. (1989). Normal caffeine consumption: influence on thermogenesis and daily energy expenditure in lean and postobese human volunteers. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 49(1), 44-50.

1. Barwell, C. J., Basma, A. N., Lafi, M. A. K., & Leake, L. D. (1989). Deamination of hordenine by monoamine oxidase and its action on vasa deferentia of the rat. Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, 41(6), 421-423.
2. Hapke, HJ, Strathmann, W. (1995). Pharmacological effects of Hordenine. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 1995 Jun;102(6):228-32.
3. Frank, M., Weckman, T. J., Wood, T., Woods, W. E., TAI, C. L., CHANG, S. L., … & Tobin, T. (1990). Hordenine: pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and behavioural effects in the horse. Equine veterinary journal, 22(6), 437-441.

Guarana Seed Extract:
1. Galduróz, J. C. F., & Carlini, E. D. A. (1996). The effects of long-term administration of guarana on the cognition of normal, elderly volunteers. Sao Paulo Medical Journal, 114(1), 1073-1078.
2. Scholey, A., & Haskell, C. (2008). Neurocognitive effects of guaraná plant extract. Drugs of the Future, 33(10), 869.
3. Espinola, E. B., Dias, R. F., Mattei, R., & Carlini, E. A. (1997). Pharmacological activity of Guarana (Paullinia cupana Mart.) in laboratory animals. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 55(3), 223-229.

1. Galgani, J. E., & Ravussin, E. (2010). Effect of dihydrocapsiate on resting metabolic rate in humans. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 92(5), 1089-1093.
2. Lee, T. A., Li, Z., Zerlin, A., & Heber, D. (2010). Effects of dihydrocapsiate on adaptive and diet-induced thermogenesis with a high protein very low calorie diet: a randomized control trial. Nutrition & metabolism, 7(1), 1.
3. Galgani, J. E., Ryan, D. H., & Ravussin, E. (2010). Effect of capsinoids on energy metabolism in human subjects. British journal of nutrition, 103(01), 38-42.
4. Inoue, N., Matsunaga, Y., Satoh, H., & Takahashi, M. (2007). Enhanced energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans with high BMI scores by the ingestion of novel and non-pungent capsaicin analogues (capsinoids). Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 71(2), 380-389.


1. Whingham LD, Watras CA, Scholler DA (2007). Efficacy of conjugated linoleic acid for reducing fat mass: a meta-analysis in humans. Am. J Clin Nutr 85 (5): 1203–1200
2. Smedman, A., & Vessby, B. (2001). Conjugated linoleic acid supplementation in humans—metabolic effects. Lipids, 36(8), 773-781.
3. Belury, M.A. (October 2002). Inhibition of carcinogenesis by conjugated linoleic acid: Potential mechanisms of action. Journal of Nutrition 132 (10): 2995–2998
4. Bhattacharya A, Banu J, Rahman M, Causey J, Fernandes G. (December 2006). Biological effects of conjugated linoleic acids in health and disease. J Nutr Biochem. 17 (12): 789–810
5. Cannella C and Giusti AM (2000) Conjugated linoleic acid: a natural anticarcinogenic substance from animal food. Ital. J Food Sc, 12:123-27.
6. Lawson, RE, Moss, AR & Givens, DI (2001) The role of dairy products in supplying conjugated linoleic acid to man’s diet: a review. Nutrition Research Reviews 14, 153-172.
7. Vaughan, R. A., Garcia-Smith, R., Bisoffi, M., Conn, C. A., & Trujillo, K. A. (2012). Conjugated linoleic acid or omega 3 fatty acids increase mitochondrial biosynthesis and metabolism in skeletal muscle cells. Lipids in health and disease, 11(1), 1.

1. Muldoon, M. F., Ryan, C. M., Sheu, L., Yao, J. K., Conklin, S. M., & Manuck, S. B. (2010). Serum phospholipid docosahexaenonic acid is associated with cognitive functioning during middle adulthood. The Journal of nutrition, 140(4), 848-853.
2. Tartibian, B., Maleki, B. H., & Abbasi, A. (2010). The effects of omega-3 supplementation on pulmonary function of young wrestlers during intensive training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(2), 281-286.
3. Kamolrat, T., Gray, S. R., & Thivierge, M. C. (2013). Fish oil positively regulates anabolic signalling alongside an increase in whole-body gluconeogenesis in ageing skeletal muscle. European journal of nutrition,52(2), 647-657.
4. Conklin, S. M., Gianaros, P. J., Brown, S. M., Yao, J. K., Hariri, A. R., Manuck, S. B., & Muldoon, M. F. (2007). Long-chain omega-3 fatty acid intake is associated positively with corticolimbic gray matter volume in healthy adults. Neuroscience letters, 421(3), 209-212.
5. Micallef, M., Munro, I., Phang, M., & Garg, M. (2009). Plasma n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are negatively associated with obesity. British journal of nutrition, 102(09), 1370-1374.
6. Ryan, A. M., Reynolds, J. V., Healy, L., Byrne, M., Moore, J., Brannelly, N., … & Flood, P. (2009). Enteral nutrition enriched with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) preserves lean body mass following esophageal cancer surgery: results of a double-blinded randomized controlled trial. Annals of surgery,249(3), 355-363.
7. Noreen, E. E., Sass, M. J., Crowe, M. L., Pabon, V. A., Brandauer, J., & Averill, L. K. (2010). Effects of supplemental fish oil on resting metabolic rate, body composition, and salivary cortisol in healthy adults. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 7(1), 1-7.
8. Gil, A. (2002). Polyunsaturated fatty acids and inflammatory diseases. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy, 56(8), 388-396.
9. Li, D. (2015). Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and non-communicable diseases: meta-analysis based systematic review. Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, 24(1), 10.
10. Farzaneh-Far, R., Lin, J., Epel, E. S., Harris, W. S., Blackburn, E. H., & Whooley, M. A. (2010). Association of marine omega-3 fatty acid levels with telomeric aging in patients with coronary heart disease. Jama, 303(3), 250-257.
11. Munro, I. A., & Garg, M. L. (2013). Prior supplementation with long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids promotes weight loss in obese adults: a double-blinded randomised controlled trial. Food & function, 4(4), 650-658.
12. Buckley, J. D., & Howe, P. R. (2010). Long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids may be beneficial for reducing obesity—a review. Nutrients,2(12), 1212-1230.
13. Smith, G. I., Atherton, P., Reeds, D. N., Mohammed, B. S., Rankin, D., Rennie, M. J., & Mittendorfer, B. (2011). Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids augment the muscle protein anabolic response to hyperinsulinaemia–hyperaminoacidaemia in healthy young and middle-aged men and women. Clinical science, 121(6), 267-278.
14. Smith, G. I., Atherton, P., Reeds, D. N., Mohammed, B. S., Rankin, D., Rennie, M. J., & Mittendorfer, B. (2011). Dietary omega-3 fatty acid supplementation increases the rate of muscle protein synthesis in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 93(2), 402-412.
15. Liu, Y., Chen, F., Odle, J., Lin, X., Zhu, H., Shi, H., … & Yin, J. (2013). Fish oil increases muscle protein mass and modulates Akt/FOXO, TLR4, and NOD signaling in weanling piglets after lipopolysaccharide challenge. The Journal of nutrition, 143(8), 1331-1339.

Alpha Linoleic Acid:
1. Burdge, G. C., & Calder, P. C. (2006). Dietary α-linolenic acid and health-related outcomes: a metabolic perspective. Nutrition research reviews,19(01), 26-52.
2. Simopoulos, A. P. (1991). Omega-3 fatty acids in health and disease and in growth and development. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 54(3), 438-463.
3. Cunnane, S. C., Ganguli, S., Menard, C., Liede, A. C., Hamadeh, M. J., Chen, Z. Y., … & Jenkins, D. J. (1993). High α-linolenic acid flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum): some nutritional properties in humans. British Journal of Nutrition, 69(02), 443-453.
4. Yehuda, S., Rabinovitz, S., & Mostofsky, D. I. (2005). Mixture of essential fatty acids lowers test anxiety. Nutritional neuroscience, 8(4), 265-267.

Linoleic Acid:
1. Burr, G. O., & Burr, M. M. (1930). On the nature and role of the fatty acids essential in nutrition. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 86(2), 587-621.
2. Cunnane, S. C., & Anderson, M. J. (1997). Pure linoleate deficiency in the rat: influence on growth, accumulation of n-6 polyunsaturates, and [1-14C] linoleate oxidation. Journal of lipid research, 38(4), 805-812.
3. Kinsella, J. E., Lokesh, B., & Stone, R. A. (1990). Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and amelioration of cardiovascular disease: possible mechanisms. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 52(1), 1-28.
4. De Lorgeril, M., Renaud, S., Salen, P., Monjaud, I., Mamelle, N., Martin, J. L., … & Delaye, J. (1994). Mediterranean alpha-linolenic acid-rich diet in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. The Lancet, 343(8911), 1454-1459.
5. Peyrat-Maillard, M. N., Cuvelier, M. E., & Berset, C. (2003). Antioxidant activity of phenolic compounds in 2, 2′-azobis (2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH)-induced oxidation: Synergistic and antagonistic effects. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, 80(10), 1007-1012.

Oleic Acid:
1. Parthasarathy, S., Khoo, J. C., Miller, E., Barnett, J., Witztum, J. L., & Steinberg, D. (1990). Low density lipoprotein rich in oleic acid is protected against oxidative modification: implications for dietary prevention of atherosclerosis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 87(10), 3894-3898.
2. Terés, S., Barcelo-Coblijn, G., Benet, M., Alvarez, R., Bressani, R., Halver, J. E., & Escribá, P. V. (2008). Oleic acid content is responsible for the reduction in blood pressure induced by olive oil. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105(37), 13811-13816.
3. Lopez-Huertas, E. (2010). Health effects of oleic acid and long chain omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) enriched milks. A review of intervention studies. Pharmacological Research, 61(3), 200-207.

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While not illegal, some of the ingredients found in this product could lead to a false positive drug test and may also be banned by WADA or other professional organizations such as the NCAA. If you are a professional, college, or amateur athlete whose given sports conduct in and out of competition random drug screens is it highly recommended you check with the appropriate person before taking this product.